Colposcopy is an in-office procedure that allows a physician to take a closer look at a woman’s cervix and vagina using a special instrument called a colposcope. It is used to check for precancerous or abnormal areas on the cervix or vagina. The colposcope can magnify the area between 10 and 40 times. If abnormal areas are visualized, a biopsy will be done at that time. When a biopsy is done, it is usually a very minute fragment of tissue that is sent to the laboratory. This may cause mild cramping during the procedure. Results are usually obtained in one week and will determine if you need treatment.